Chemotherapy waste is characterized as a hazardous chemical waste by the EPA and must be managed as biomedical waste.
It includes expired drugs, aborted dosages, contaminated personal protective equipment, and other materials. Chemotherapy waste can be categorized as bulk or trace. The term “bulk” chemotherapy is defined as chemo waste that exceeds 3% by volume and is considered a RCRA hazardous waste. Trace chemotherapy waste is disposed of via incineration.